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Samuel Roffey Maitland

1792-1866. Anglican historian and writer. Born in London, son of a Scottish merchant, he was educated at Cambridge but left without a degree. A man of very wide intellectual tastes which ranged from mesmerism to music, he had at first intended to pursue a legal career, but in 1821, his religious views having changed, he was ordained deacon in the Church of England and from 1823-27 was perpetual curate of Christ Church, Gloucester. He made significant contributions to the study of contemporary Judaism and in 1832 produced a masterly account of the Albigenses and Waldenses. Associated with the Clapton sect of High Churchmen, he contributed notable historical essays to the British Magazine, which he later edited. In 1838 he was made librarian at Lambeth Palace. Maitland was equally unpopular with the Tractarians,* whose ritualism he deplored, and with the evangelicals, for his attacks on Foxe the martyrologist and on Milner's Church History.