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Samaritans

Racially, the Samaritans are difficult to identify. In 721 b.c. Sargon of Assyria destroyed Samaria. He recorded the fact on the walls of the royal palace at Dur-Sarraku (Khorsabad), as well as his subsequent policy of depopulation, deportation, and reestablishment: “In my first year of reign...the people of Samaria...to the number of 27,290 I carried away....The city I rebuilt—I made it greater than it was before. People of the lands which I had conquered I settled therein. My tartan I place over them as governor.” It seems clear that the policy of deportation applied particularly to Samaria as a city and not as a region. Jer.41.5, for example, seems to imply that a remnant of true Israelites remained in Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria a century later; so a substratum, or admixture of the Hebrew stock in the later total population must be assumed. The newcomers from the north may be presumed to have intermarried with the Israelite remnant, and ultimately the population took the general