SALUTATION (שָׁלוֹם, H8934, ἀσπασμός, G833, greeting, expression of desire for another’s well-being).
On various occasions—encountering another in the way, return from a trip, farewell, birth of a child, etc.—it was Oriental custom to express personal regard, inquire as to the other’s welfare, and to wish him well. On meeting another person, it was customary to greet him with a “Hail” (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
Edward Bagby Pollard