SALOME (sa-lō'mē, Gr. Salōmē, fem. of Solomon)

The wife of Zebedee, and mother of James and John (cf. Matt.27.56 with Mark.15.40; Mark.16.1). She was one of the women who accompanied Jesus in Galilee to care for his needs (Mark.15.40-Mark.15.41). She was present at the crucifixion of Jesus and was among those who at Easter morning came to the tomb to anoint the dead body of their Lord (Mark.16.1).The daughter of Herodias, and the grandniece of Herod Antipas. Her dancing before Herod pleased him so much that as a reward she was given the head of John the Baptist (Matt.14.3-Matt.14.11; Mark.6.17-Mark.6.28). Her name is not given in the Gospels (but see Josephus, Antiq. 17.5.4).

2. The daughter of Herodias and Herod Philip (Jos. Antiq. xviii. 5. 4), but unnamed in the gospels. Because her dancing before Herod Antipas, her father’s half-brother, pleased him so much, he promised to grant her whatever request she might make. Prompted by her mother, she asked for the head of John the Baptist who had rebuked the subsequent marriage of Herodias and Antipas (Matt 14:3-11; Mark 6:16-28). Salome became wife first to her uncle Philip, tetrarch of Trachonitis (Luke 3:1) and then to her cousin Aristobulus, son of Herod, king of Chalcis.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)


(2) Salome was the name of the daughter of Herodias who danced before Herod, and obtained as reward the head of John the Baptist (Mt 14:3-11; Mr 6:17-28; compare Josephus, Ant, XVIII, v, 4). She is not named in the Gospels.