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Ronald Arbuthnott Knox

1888-1957. Roman Catholic scholar. Born at Kibworth, son of the (Anglican) bishop of Manchester, E.A. Knox,* he was educated at Eton and Balliol, and became a strong Anglo-Catholic and a bitter critic and satirist of modernists within the church. He joined the Church of Rome in 1917, was ordained priest in 1919, taught at St. Edmund's College, Ware, and was Catholic chaplain at Oxford from 1926 to 1939. Thereafter he devoted himself to his translation of the Bible into English (1944) and to a study of religious enthusiasm, which appeared in 1950. Knox dealt learnedly and half-admiringly with Protestant religious leaders, especially Anabaptists, Quakers, and Methodists, while disapproving of their beliefs. His collected sermons are valued highly by English Catholics.