Loading...

Roman Empire

ROMAN EMPIRE. 1. Territorial. Considered as a territorial phenomenon, the [[Roman Empire]] was the result of a process of expansion that began in the sixth and seventh centuries before Christ. The process was initiated by the pressure of a rapidly filling and not overfertile peninsula on a Latin-speaking community that occupied a strategically advantageous position on some low hills by the major ford over the Tiber. The main fortress and federation of this group of associated settlements was called Rome, probably an Etruscan name. The origin of the population was an amalgam of tribal elements welded into a dynamic unity by the pressure of the Etruscans to the north and the Italic hill-tribes of the hinterland. Casting off the domination of Etruria in 509 b.c., Rome early began the search for a stable frontier that was to form the guiding motive of her history. That quest took her step by step to the subjugation of the Italian peninsula and the domination of its peoples—the Etruscans,