1822-1888. Scottish theologian and Orientalist. Born in Edinburgh and apprenticed to a printer, he combined this work with bookselling from 1847, and spent much time in the study of languages. In 1856 he went to India as literary missionary and superintendent of the mission press at Surat, retaining his missionary interests when he returned in 1861. A Calvinist in theology, associated with the Free Church, and a man of meticulous mind, he is best known for his comprehensive Analytical Concordance to the Holy Bible (1879), which has gone through many editions.