1826-1906. Scottish minister and scholar. Born in Glasgow, he graduated from the university there, studied theology at New College, Edinburgh, and in 1851 became minister of the * at Huntly. In 1854 he transferred to the Free High Church, Edinburgh, and after eight years assumed the chair of church history at his former college, a post he held for the next forty-four years and with which from 1874 he combined the college principalship. Not naturally a controversialist, he found himself nevertheless drawn into great issues of the time. He opposed public lotteries and the Boer War, and was much criticized for his (reluctant) acquiescence in the deposition of W.R. Smith (1881).
Reunion of the Scottish Presbyterian churches was a burning cause with him, and he saw disestablishment of the