Free Online Bible Library | Robert Moffat

We also have classes for: provides a comprehensive biblical education from world-class professors
to encourage spiritual growth in the church, for free.

Would you do us the favor of answering this two question poll so we can know how to serve you better? You will also be given the opportunity to join our team tasked with how to make better. Thank you.  --Bill Mounce


Robert Moffat

1795-1883. Scottish missionary to Africa. Born in East Lothian, he had scanty education, but after conversion he was, after some hesitation, accepted by the London Missionary Society for work in Africa. There he went in 1816, and in 1825 settled at Kuruman, Bechuanaland, which became the headquarters of all his activities for forty-five years.

Moffat saw his work as fourfold. (1) Evangelization, which he strongly believed must always precede civilization. Acting on this he made Kuruman a center from which Christian influence radiated over a wide area. When he left in 1870, a whole region had been Christianized and civilized, and many African Christian congregations, ministered to by trained African ministers, had been formed; (2) Exploration, in order to extend missionary work. In 1816 only the relatively small Cape Colony was known. The Orange River was the northern limit of partially known territory; the Kuruman River, on which Moffat's headquarters were established, was beyond that. By 1870 Africa was largely explored as far as and beyond the Zambesi, much of it by Moffat and his son-in-law David Livingstone*; (3) Literature. Through his complete mastery of Sechuana, he translated the whole Bible, composed hymns, and wrote books, providing the Bechuana Africans with a basis for education, tools for worship and study, and the beginnings of a literature; (4) Civilization, especially in agriculture. He introduced irrigation, the use of natural fertilizers, forest preservation, and new crops. In this as in other ways his work was largely preparing the way for others.

Complete consecration, perfect disinterestedness, shrewdness, simplicity of character, and unwavering faith in the power of the Gospel-these were some of the qualities which made Moffat a man of God and an outstanding Christian leader. Failing health forced him to leave Africa in 1870; he died in Kent, England, thirteen years later.

See his Missionary Labours and Scenes in South Africa (1842), and biographies by J.S. Moffat (1885) and W.C. Northcott (1961).

Biblical Training

The BiblicalTraining app gives you access to 2,100 hours of instruction (129 classes and seminars). Stream the classes, or download and listen to them offline. Share classes via social media, email, and more.