Robert Campbell Moberly

1845-1903. Anglican theologian. Son of a bishop, he was educated at Winchester and Oxford where, after service in a parish and two theological colleges, he returned as professor of pastoral theology from 1892 till his death. One of the Lux Mundi school of liberal Anglo-Catholics, he wrote Ministerial Priesthood (1897), a study of the Christian ministry from a strongly Anglo-Catholic standpoint which criticizes the views of Bishop Lightfoot as too favorable to Protestantism. His other best-known work is Atonement and Personality (1901), a difficult book which defines personality in Hegelian terms and veers towards pantheism, develops a moral satisfactionist theory of the Atonement out of an inadequate treatment of sin, and advocates a high doctrine of the church and sacraments. Moberly also defended Anglican orders against Roman Catholic critics and church courts, and the dual system in education against the Nonconformists.