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Robert Bruce

1554-1631. Scottish minister. Of a family that claimed descent from the royal family of Bruce, he studied law at Paris, but after a deep spiritual experience he took up theology at St. Andrews, was ordained in 1587, and became minister in Edinburgh. A few months later, in striking testimony to the worth of one so young, he was elected moderator of the general assembly. His moderate influence was appreciated at first by James VI, whose queen Bruce anointed in 1590. In 1596, however, having opposed the king's resolve to impose episcopacy on Scotland, he and others were banished from the capital. Though permitted to return, he was ordered away again in 1601 and spent his last thirty years in no settled home. For two periods of four years each he was confined to Inverness by the king's command, but wherever he could preach great crowds attended-and his life was acknowledged by all to be in accord with his preaching. His best-known writing is the Way to True Peace and Rest (1617).