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1495-1540. Reformer and martyr. He graduated D.D. (1523) from Cambridge, where he met with others at the Tavern for Bible study. After preaching a sermon considered to be unorthodox, he was examined in 1526 by five bishops, among them, and condemned to be burnt or abjure. He abjured and was imprisoned, but escaped to Antwerp. Later he met Luther at Wittenberg and also Stephen Vaughan, who wrote kindly of him to * in England. Returning there, he became an intermediary between 's government and the German Protestants. In 1540 the Protestant and Roman Catholic factions fought bitterly in Henry's council. The king had earlier refused to embrace the Protestant faith, and in the end the Catholic party gained dominance. Cromwell was beheaded, and Barnes with two others (William Jerome and Thomas Gerrard) was burnt for heresy.