Richard Whateley

1786-1863. Archbishop of Dublin. Born in London, he graduated from Oriel College, Oxford, in 1808 and was appointed a fellow in 1811. Fellow-students included Sir Robert Peel, John Keble, and John Henry Newman. From 1822 he spent four years as a parish minister on the borders of Norfolk, and for five years he served as president of St. Alban's Hall. In 1831 amid controversy he was appointed archbishop of Dublin. Though gifted with originality of thought, he was a poor preacher but showed his gifts as an essayist and satirist, a leader in education at a time when four university colleges were established in Ireland, and a stern disciplinarian who made many enemies. He was instrumental in establishing a chair of political economy in Trinity College, Dublin, and did much to raise the standard of theological education. He published about sixty volumes of essays and sermons.