Loading...

Richard Bancroft

1544-1610. Archbishop of Canterbury from 1604. Born at Farnworth in Lancashire, he was educated at Cambridge and after ordination became chaplain to Bishop [[Richard Cox]]* of Ely and rector of Teversham. He was successively rector of St. Andrew's, Holborn, treasurer of St. Paul's Cathedral, and canon of Westminster. At St. Paul's Cross in 1589 he launched a stern attack on Presbyterian Puritanism, strongly reasserting episcopacy to such an extent that one of the queen's councillors feared he was threatening the royal supremacy. In 1590 he was made a prebendary of St. Paul's, then chaplain to Archbishop Whitgift. Seven years later he became bishop of London, exercising great influence due to Whitgift's age and infirmity. He had to deal with the [[Marprelate Tracts]].* In 1604 he succeeded Whitgift as primate. He attended the [[Hampton Court Conference]]* with the Presbyterians and all but wrecked it by his belligerence and intransigence. He was largely responsible for the 1604 Canons