REVERENCE (יָרֵא, H3707; φόβος, G5832). These two words, primarily meaning fear, are the principal ones tr. reverence.
In the OT.
“Reverence” occurs only three times in the OT, all tr. from yare. Several other Heb. words could be tr. “reverence,” particularly mora and hared. Reverence consists of fear, awe, and deference in worshipful tribute paid to God, or some other deity, and things sacred. All OT references are related to contrasts between Jehovah worship and that of other gods. Among a series of prohibitions in Leviticus against the religious practices of magic and witchcraft of other peoples are also commands for God’s people to worship Jehovah. One of them appears twice: “You shall keep my sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord” (
In the NT.
The four NT uses are tr. from three Gr. words. Paul speaks of “reverence (phoboi) for Christ” (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
In the Apocrypha entrepomai occurs in2:10; Sirach 4:22. In addition, proskuneo, "make obeisance," occurs in Judith 10:23; 14:7; thaumazo, "wonder," Sirach 7:29, and aischunomai, "be ashamed," Baruch 4:15.
"Reverend" occurs in the Old Testament in