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Reordination

Strictly speaking, the term is a misnomer since in practice it applies only to those who have received ordination which is regarded as “invalid”-that is, as no ordination at all-and who consequently are in need of ordination* rather than reordination. In the early church the appearance of heretical or partially heretical sects and schismatic groups forced the issue into prominence. Unanimity of judgment is not to be found, however. Cyprian* (third century), for instance, insisting that outside the Catholic Church there could be no salvation, regarded every action of separated bodies as null and void: their baptism was no baptism and their orders were no orders, and acceptance was to be gained only by (re)baptism and (re)ordination in the unity of the Catholic Church, which is reality were first, not second, baptism and ordination.