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Religious Humanism

[[The Renaissance]] may be said to be the source of religious humanism, at least in modern times. In its early phases it expressed itself in the revival of “human” learning, the rebirth of classicism, as against the “sacred” learning of the [[Middle Ages]]. This in turn involved both the revival of classical languages (incidentally benefiting biblical studies) and the development of a historical perspective made necessary by the rejection of medievalism. In its later phases, religious humanism showed itself in the repudiation of the Augustinianism of the Reformers by Erasmus and, later, Arminius. Thus as a “movement,” if it can be called such, it embraced parts of the Roman Catholic Church (in such individuals as Colet, More, and Erasmus) and Protestantism (Arminius, Socinus, Locke) as well as independent thinkers such as Spinoza. The Moderates* in the [[Church of Scotland]] and the “Broad Church” school of Anglicanism, as well as certain themes in German Pietism and in the philosophy