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REKEM (rĕ'kĕm, Heb. reqem, friendship)

A king of Midian who was executed by order of the Lord (Num.31.1-Num.31.8). He is called a prince in Josh.13.21.A city belonging to Benjamin (Josh.18.27), the location now unknown.A son of Hebron, and the father of Shammai of the tribe of Judah (1Chr.2.42-1Chr.2.44).

REKEM re’ kəm (רֶ֨קֶם; LXX ̔Ροκομ, meaning friendship). 1. One of five Midianite kings killed by the Israelites in a battle on the plains of Moab (Num 31:8; Josh 13:21). According to Numbers 31, Moses was commanded by God to exact vengeance on the Midianites. Previously the Midianites had enticed Israel into worshiping Baal of Peor, and Zimri had taken Cozbi, the daughter of a Midianite king, to his family’s house (Num 25). Rekem is named as one of five kings of Midian who were prob. vassals of Sihon, the Amorite king (Josh 13:21). Apparently Sihon had taken possession of the area of Moab and made the Midianite tribes residing in Moab subject to him.

2. A descendant of Caleb; son of Hebron and the father of Shammai (1 Chron 2:43, 44).

3. One of several cities within the territory given by Joshua to the tribe of Benjamin (Josh 18:27). Its location is still uncertain.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(rekem, "friendship"):

(2) Eponym of a Calebite family (1Ch 2:43 (Rhekom). Probably a town in Southern Judah. A town of this name is given as belonging to Benjamin (Jos 18:27).

(3) A city of Benjamin, mentioned with Irpeel and Taralah (Jos 18:27); the site is unknown.

See also RAKEM.

Horace J. Wolf

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