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REHOB (rē'hōb, Heb. rehōv, broad)

REHOB re hŏb (רְחֹ֖וב, רְחֹ֖ב; LXX ̔Ραὰβ, ̔Ροωβ, etc.; meaning, broad open place, plaza, market). 1. The father of Hadadezer king of Zobah, whom David smote at the Euphrates (2 Sam 8:3, 12).

2. A Levite signatory with Nehemiah in the covenant pledging reforms (Neh 10:11; v. omitted by LXX).

3. A town or district at the N end of the Jordan Valley marking the limit of the journey of the spies (Num 13:21). During the reign of David it was one of the Aramaean strongholds that sent forces to the aid of Ammon (2 Sam 10:6-8). It is named Beth-rehob (2 Sam 10:6; cf. Judg 18:28). In the topographical list of Thutmosis III, it is prob. no. 87. Its exact location is unknown.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(rechobh; Rhoob, Rhaab):

(1) Etymologically the word means "broad" and might be applied either to a road or a plain. Rehob is given (Nu 13:21) as the northern limit of Israel as reached by the spies. This agrees with the position assigned to Beth-rehob in the narrative of the settlement of the Danites (Jud 18:28). It is mentioned again along with the kingdom of Zobah in connection with the wars of Saul (1Sa 14:47 Septuagint Lag.), and as having been associated with, Zobah and Maacah against David in the Ammonite war and as having been defeated by him (2Sa 10:6). Robinson sought to identify it with Hunin, but it hardly suits the references. Buhl (GAP, 240) following Thomson (LB, II, 547) seeks it at Paneas (modern Banias). This would suit all the requirements of the capital, Beth-rehob, which might then be the second Rehob, assigned as part of the territory of Sidon to the tribe Asher (Jos 19:28,30; Jud 18:28). We must, however, assign to the kingdom of Rehob a territory extending from the settlements of the Danites to the "entering in of Hamath" or to Libo (modern Leboue), i.e. the Great Plain of Coele-Syria bounded by Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon and within the limits indicated.

(2) Two separate towns belonging to Asher (Jos 19:28; 19:30). One of them was given to the Gershonite Levites (Jos 21:31), and one is mentioned as remaining in the hands of the Canaanites (Jud 1:31).

(3) Father of Hadadezer, king of Aram Zobah, who was overwhelmed by David at the Euphrates (2Sa 8:3,12).

(4) One of the Levites who sealed Nehemiah’s covenant on the 24th Tishri, 444 BC (Ne 10:11).