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Reformed Presbyterian Church

A body which claims unbroken descent from the Scottish Covenanters* who contended for a pure Gospel, a simple form of worship, national righteousness, and civil and religious freedom. The name indicates that in the matter of church government it is Presbyterian, and in doctrine and practice adheres to the attainments of Scotland's Second Reformation (1638-49). After 1690 the [[Reformed Presbyterian Church]] in Scotland consisted of the remnant societies that had adhered to [[Richard Cameron]]* and [[James Renwick]].* They had no minister until 1706, and from then until 1743 only John MacMillan served their needs. A second minister enabled them to form a presbytery in 1743, and an increase in numbers led to the forming of a synod in 1811. Ministers were trained at a theological hall in Stirling and Paisley. Dissension on the question of the parliamentary elective franchise split the church in 1863, and the majority who favored leaving the matter an open question joined the [[Free Church