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Reformed Episcopal Church

This schism from the Protestant Episcopal Church* in America was founded by G.D. Cummins,* its first presiding bishop, in 1873, because of deep dissatisfaction with the rising ritualism and sacerdotalism among American Episcopalians. Their bishops trace their consecration from Canterbury, yet are not a third order in addition to deacons and presbyters, but rather first among equals. Its government involves much lay participation at all levels. Clergy from other groups are received without reordination, and laity without reconfirmation. Their [[Book of Common Prayer]] of 1874 is based on the Prayer Book of 1785, the colonial church's revision of the BCP under Bishop [[William White]]. Their doctrine of ministry is Reformed in that the minister is a minister of Word and sacrament rather than a mediator. Absolution, baptismal regeneration, and transubstantiation are not held, and the Prayer Book contains their own 1873 Declaration of Principles and [[Articles of Religion]]. It is an