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Reformed Churches

Those ecclesiastical bodies or denominations which hold to the system of doctrine and government or polity as set out by John Calvin* in the sixteenth century, and expressed in various “Reformed” confessions. They include the Calvinistic churches deriving from Europe which are specifically known as “Reformed,” as well as the “Presbyterian” churches of the English-speaking world. Some Baptist churches claim to be Reformed in doctrine, and some Anglicans also hold that the Church of England is “Reformed,” a position denied by the Anglo- Catholics. In 1875 the Alliance of Reformed Churches was formed and still exists; the Reformed Ecumenical Synod was later established, made up of churches not in the Alliance.