RAZIS rā’ zĭs (̔Ραζείς). “An elder of Jerusalem,” highly regarded by the Jews for his exemplary life, who was accused before the Syrian general Nicanor as an opponent of Hellenism, and committed suicide in a gory manner rather than allow himself to be arrested (
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
"An elder of Jerusalem," "lover of his countrymen," and for his good will toward them called "father of the Jews," accused before the Syrian general Nicanor as an opponent of Hellenism. In order to escape falling into the hands of Nicanor’s soldiers he committed suicide with the greatest determination in a rather revolting manner (2 Macc 14:37 ff), in his death calling upon "the Lord of life" in the hope of a resurrection. His suicide--contrary to Jewish sentiment--was regarded with approbation by the author of 2 Macc (14:42,43).