c. 1232-1316. Franciscan missionary, mystic, and scholar. From Palma (on Majorca in the Balearic Islands), he was educated as a knight and then converted from a life of dissipation (1263). Resolving to dedicate himself to winning Muslims to Christ, Lull learned Arabic. He also had a vision which revealed to him a method of approaching Muslims with the Christian message. Then he persuaded James II of Majorca to found a monastery at Miramir where Franciscans could study Arabic and the art in his method in order to prepare for missionary work among the Moslems. Lull taught at Miramir, Montpellier, and Paris. He took missionary journeys to Tunis and Algeria and tried unsuccessfully to enlist the rulers of Europe in his projects. The traditional account of his martyrdom in does not seem to be true; he probably died on Marjorca.
Lull was the first Christian theologian of the