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Raphon

RAPHON, rā’ fŏn (Ραφών). Modern er-Rafeh on the right bank of the Nahr el-Ehreir eight m. N of Carnaim (modern Ashteroth-karnaim). This city not mentioned in the Bible is prob. nw-r-p-’i, No. 29, in Thutmose III’s list of conquered cities. Here also Timotheus, commander of Gilead, reorganized his army and reinforced it with auxiliary Arab troops after he was routed by Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan at the command of eight thousand Jews at Dathema. By crossing the ravine to encounter the enemy on the bank opposite Raphon the Jews again routed the Gentiles.