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Pulcheria

399-453. Eastern empress from 450. Daughter of Arcadius, East Roman emperor from 395 to 408, she was made regent at fifteen for her younger brother [[Theodosius II]]* by the Constantinopolitan senate (414). Under the de facto rule of this pious saint of the Greek Church, the court assumed a charitable and ascetic character. Pulcheria arranged the marriage of Theodosius to Athenais, daughter of Leontius, a pagan philosopher of Athens (421). Assuming the name Eudocia, Athenais became a Christian and personal rival to Pulcheria. They differed in the Monophysite (Eutychian) and Nestorian controversies, Pulcheria espousing orthodoxy in both. We have Cyril* of Alexandria's letter to both women condemning the views of Nestorius, patriarch of Constantinople from 428 until the [[Council of Ephesus]] (431).