PROFANE (Heb. hālal, to open and Gr. bebēloō, to desecrate). The basic idea seems to be to desecrate or defile. For one to do what he was not allowed to do in connection with holy things or places was to profane them. Such things as the altar, the Sabbath, the sanctuary, and God’s name could all be profaned. Esau was called a profane person (kjv; niv “godless”) because he despised his birthright (Heb.12.16). The profane persons mentioned in 1Tim.1.9 are called irreligious in NIV.