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Probabilism

The view that, if there is doubt about the rightness of any course of action, that action is to be preferred which is probably right, even though the action which is more probably right is also the action that is in accord with the law. (“Probably” is not used in a statistical sense: a probable opinion is the opinion of some doctor gravis et probus.) The view, which is one of several approaches that have been adopted in areas of moral uncertainty, was unknown before the end of the sixteenth century. It was formulated, or perhaps first given prominence, by Bartholemew Medina (1527-81) and rapidly gained hold.