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POTENTATE (pō'tĕn-tāt, Gr. dynastēs, mighty one). Used in Luke.1.52 (niv “rulers”) and Acts.8.27 (niv “important official”).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A person who possesses great power and authority. Only in 1Ti 6:15, "the blessed and only Potentate" (= God). The same Greek word is used of Zeus in Sophocles (Ant. 608), and of God in Apocrypha (e.g. Sirach 46:5; 2 Macc 15:3,13). It is used of men in Lu 1:52 (the King James Version "the mighty," the Revised Version (British and American) "princes") and Ac 8:27 ("of great authority").