PONTUS (Gr. Pontos, sea). A large province of northern Asia Minor that lay along the Black Sea (Pontus Euxinius). All the references to Pontus in the NT indicate that there were many Jews in the province. Jews from Pontus were in Jerusalem at the first Pentecost (Acts.2.9). Luke mentions in Acts.18.2 that a certain Christian Jew named Aquila was born in Pontus. So far as we know, Pontus and the other northern provinces were not evangelized by Paul. The [[Holy Spirit]] did not permit him to preach in Bithynia (Acts.16.7). However, Peter addresses his first letter to “strangers in the world, scattered throughout Pontus” and other regions (1Pet.1.1), lending credence to the tradition that Peter preached in northern Asia Minor rather than in Rome after Pentecost. In secular history, Pontus is noted for the dynasty of kings, headed by the great Mithridates, that ruled from 337 to 63 b.c.