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Pledge

PLEDGE (עֵרָבוֹן, H6860, חֶ֫בֶל, H2474, עֲבוֹט, H6287). This is exclusively an OT word. Accompanying the word “vow” is spiritual emphasis in the OT. A covenant people would naturally have repeated use for the concepts of pledge and vow. Deuteronomy 24:10, 11, 12, 13 use the form עֲבוֹט, H6287, from the root, which means “to pawn” or “to lend on security.” A pledge, then, is something of value exchanged as security. This goes beyond the common concept of a pledge just as a verbal agreement. The Gr. ἀρραβών, G775, a transliteration of the Sem. term, is used in the NT; “the guarantee of our inheritance” (Eph 1:14) and “the Spirit as a guarantee” (2 Cor 5:5). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915) (1) The "pledge" is, as in modern English, security given for future payment (Ge 38:17-24) or conduct (Hab 2:6, where the conquered nations have given guaranties of their subserviency to the Chaldeans; the [[King James Version]]’s "thick clay" here rests on a misreading of