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Pine, Pine Tree

PINE, PINE TREE (תִּדְהָר, H9329). This is mentioned in Isaiah 41:19 “and the pine,” and in Isaiah 60:13 “the pine.” Experts in the past have argued that the tree might just as easily have been a fir or a plane; there are those who suggest that juniper or cypress are a possibility. The “pine branches” (Neh 8:15, KJV), most experts agree, are prob. those of Elaeagnus angustifolia, usually called the oleaster. This is a deciduous tree with spiny branches, covered when young with glistening silvery scales, the leaves being silvery too. The sweet, edible fruits are one half inch long and yellowish—also with silvery scales. In the RSV, wild olive is used in Nehemiah 8:15; this is another type of “oil tree.” This presupposes quite a different type of tree from the cultivated olive. It may be an olive that was grown for its timber and not for its roots. Why the KJV trs. of Nehemiah 8:15 used the word “pine” is not understood. A Palestinian conifer is the Jerusalem Pine, or the Aleppo Pine