1637-1713. Prominent theologian and apologist of the French Reformed Church. Descended from notable families, he studied philosophy at Saumur and theology at Sedan (1656-58) before traveling to England and the Netherlands. He succeeded his father as minister at Mer (1671) and remained there until he was appointed professor of Hebrew at the Sedan academy (1674-79). During his years at Sedan, Jurieu vigorously defended the Reformed faith against the attacks of clerics like Bossuet.* When the academy was dissolved by Louis XIV, Jurieu went to the Netherlands, where on the recommendation of * he became minister of the Walloon Church at Rotterdam (1681). There he fostered French Calvinism through his writings and by caring for exiled French Reformed pastors. He came to believe that the Calvinists would soon be restored to France, because of his interpretation of the prophecies of the Apocalypse (as seen in his work: L'Accomplissement des prophéties ou la délivrance de l'église, 2 vols., 1686; ET 1687).
Jurieu gradually adopted a view that distinguished between temporal and spiritual power. He demanded full liberty of conscience for the citizen. These ideas, developed in Histoire du calvinisme et du papisme (2 vols., 1683) were accepted by many Protestants in 1685 when the
A prolific writer, Jurieu's style is marked by impressive erudition and polemical bitterness. In addition to his books against Louis and Bossuet, he wrote against the Jansenists (
C. Van Oordt,