PHYLACTERY fĭ lăk’ tə rĭ (see also [[Dress]]). The name is a transliteration of φυλακτήριον, G5873, “safeguard,” “means of protection,” “amulet.” The Vul. took over the Gr. term and it was accepted by Eng. trs. through the [[Geneva Bible]] of 1557. The term occurs only once in the NT (Matt 23:5), which records Jesus’ accusation against the scribes and Pharisees, “They do all their deeds to be seen by men; for they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long.” This was not necessarily a condemnation of the custom of wearing phylacteries, but only of ostentation that prostituted an ancient custom full of symbolism in the interests of outward display.