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Philistines

PHILISTINES (fĭ-lĭs'tēnz, Heb. pelishtîm). The name given to the people who inhabited the Philistine plain of Palestine during the greater part of OT times. The five cities of the Philistines were Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron (Josh.13.3; 1Sam.6.17). They were situated in the broad coastal plain of southern Palestine, except for Gath, which is in the Shephelah or hill country. Our word “Palestine” is derived from the term “Philistine.”