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Pharaoh

PHARAOH (fâr'ō, Heb. par‘ōh). The government of Egypt, and ultimately the supreme monarch in whom all its powers were vested, was known as the “Great House,” in Egyptian “Per-o,” whence comes the term pharaoh. The recorded rulers of Egypt, twenty-six separate dynasties, extend from Menes, 3400 b.c. to Psamtik III, deposed at the Persian conquest in 525. The term pharaoh can be traced back to the Twenty-second Dynasty (945-745), since when it was commonly attached to the monarch’s name. Thus “Pharaoh Neco” and “[[Pharaoh Hophra]]” are exact Hebrew translations of the Egyptian title.