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Peter Lombard

c.1095-1169. Known as “the Master of the Sentences.” Born in Lombardy, he was educated at Bologna and went to Paris, where by 1141 he had written a commentary on the Psalms and a gloss on Paul and had become a canon at Notre Dame. In 1159 he was elected bishop of Paris. His fame rests chiefly upon his Book of Sentences (Libri Quatuor Sententiarum), finished in 1157 or 1158. The book is basically a compilation with numerous citations to the Church Fathers and to near contemporaries such as [[Anselm of Laon]],* Peter Abelard,* [[Hugh of St.-Victor]],* the Decretum of Gratian,* the anonymous Summa Sententiarum, and the canons of [[Ivo of Chartres]].* Lombard's great achievement was in organizing these materials into a sound, brief, objective summary of doctrine.