PEKAHIAH (pĕk'a-hī'a, Heb. peqahyâh, Jehovah has opened). Israel’s seventeenth king, the son of Menahem. He was a wicked king, following the practices of idolatry formulated by Jeroboam (
PEKAHIAH pĕk’ ə hī’ ə (פְּקַֽחְיָ֨ה, Yahu has opened [the eyes]). King of Israel 741-740 b.c., son and successor of Menahem, who was murdered by Pekah and who usurped the throne. Pekahiah’s dates are established by correlative reckoning with the kings of Judah (see Pekah).
Pekahiah apparently continued his father’s policy of submission to Assyria, which led to his assassination because Pekah allied himself with Rezin of Damascus against Assyria. Rival Assyrian and anti-Assyrian parties existed in Israel; the former had held control for some years while the opposition attempted to find suitable opportunity to gain control.
The character of his reign is declared in
During all of Pekahiah’s reign, Pekah was active in Gilead (cf.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
pek-a-hi’-a, pe-ka’-ya (peqachyah, "Yah hath opened" (the eyes) (
Son of Menahem, and 17th king of Israel. He is said to have succeeded his father in the "50th year of Azariah" (or Uzziah), a synchronism not free from difficulty if his accession is placed in 750-749 (see Menahem; Uzziah). Most date lower, after 738, when an Assyrian inscription makes Menahem pay tribute to Tiglath-pileser (compare
2. Regicide in Israel:
Pekahiah came to the throne enveloped in the danger which always accompanies the successor of an exceptionally strong ruler, in a country where there is not a settled law of succession. Within two years of his accession he was murdered in a foul manner--the 7th king of Israel who had met his death by violence (the others were Nadab, Elah, Tibni, Jehoram, Zechariah and Shallum). The chief conspirator was Pekah, son of Remaliah, one of his captains, with whom, as agent in the crime, were associated 50 Gileadites. These penetrated into the palace (the
3. Pekahiah’s Character:
The narrative of Pekahiah’s short reign contains but a brief notice of his personal character. Like his predecessors, Pekahiah did not depart from the system of worship introduced by Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, "who made Israel to sin." Despite the denunciations of the prophets of the Northern Kingdom (
After Pekahiah’s murder, the throne was seized by the regicide Pekah.
W. Shaw Caldecott