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Paulicians

Evangelical antihierarchical sect originating in the seventh century (possibly earlier) on Rome's eastern borders in Armenia, Mesopotamia and N Syria. Characteristic doctrines include: Adoptianist* Christology; rejection of mariolatry,* images, and hagiolatry; the authority of Scripture (especially esteeming Luke and Paul, and rejecting the OT, like Marcion); believers' baptism. Some, but not all, were dualists, though they repudiated Manichaeism.* The earliest reference to them occurs in 719, when John Otzin, catholicos of Armenia, warned against “obscene men who are called Paulicians.” The name may be derived from their regard for Paul the Apostle, or from [[Paul of Samosata]]* (with whose teaching they had some affinity), or from an unknown Paul who learned the doctrine from his mother Callinike.