1850-1928. Protestant theologian. Born at Epinal in France, he was educated in the universities of Strasbourg, Tübingen, and Göttingen. From 1876 he taught at Göttingen as a professor of theology. Essentially a systematic theologian with a Ritschlian emphasis, he wrote mostly in French, but a few books were in Germane.g., his books on Calvin's ethics and [[Peter Ramus]]'s theology, both published at Strasbourg (1877- 78). His later studies were in historical theology and dogmatics: aspects of Calvin's thought, studies of the doctrines of God, the person and work of Christ, baptism, etc. Two of his major books, [[The Virgin Birth]] of Christ (1890) and An Introduction to Christian Dogmatics (1902), appeared in English translations. He is probably best known as an associate editor of the works of Calvin in the huge Corpus Reformatorum.