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Paul

PAUL, THE APOSTLE (Παυ̂λος, G4263, Roman name meaning little; also called Saul, שָׁא֑וּל, Hebrew name meaning asked for). A leading figure in the Early Church whose ministry was principally to the Gentiles. A Jew of the tribe of [[Benjamin]] (Phil 3:5), Saul, “who is also called Paul” (Acts 13:9), was given the name of that tribe’s most illustrious member—Israel’s first king. His Hebrew name Saul means “asked for,” while his Roman cognomen Paulus means “little.” Personal details [[Jewish law]] prescribed that a boy begin the study of the Scriptures at five years of age and the study of the legal traditions at ten ([[Pirke Aboth]] 5:21). [[Josephus]] relates that both the Scriptures and the traditions were taught in every city to Jewish boys “from our first consciousness” (Contra Apion II. 18), and Philo speaks of such instruction “from earliest youth” (Leg. ad Gaium 210). Undoubtedly Paul was immersed as a boy in such a curriculum as well, being taught in the synagogue sch