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Papias

c.60-c.130. Bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia. Said to be “a man of primitive age, a hearer of John [the apostle], a companion of Polycarp” (Irenaeus). Fragments survive, chiefly in Irenaeus and Eusebius, of the Exposition of Dominical Oracles in five books (c.110), for which he collected unwritten traditions (without setting oral tradition above apostolic writings in principle) from the circles of “the elders [presbyters],” associates of the apostles, including Aristion and “the elder John” in Asia and the daughters of Philip the apostle (or evangelist?) in Hierapolis. Such traditions transmitted historical reminiscence (much-discussed accounts of the origins of the gospels of Mark and Matthew, and of John's gospel activity and martyrdom), miracle stories, noncanonical pericopae (a variant on John 7:53-8:11 found in the [[Gospel according to the Hebrews]] by Eusebius and perhaps Papias too), but chiefly beliefs of primitive Judeo-Christianity, including the millenarian enjoyment of a