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Pakistan

In the first century, Greek traders used Barbarike, at the mouth of the Indus, for the export of Chinese silk and leather, Persian turquoise, and spikenard from Kashmir. The [[Acts of Thomas]],* written about 230, is clearly fiction, but may contain echoes of a tradition that Thomas followed this trading route, and it is possible that he preached at Taxila during the reign of Vindafarna (Gondaphoros), about a.d. 20-48. About 196, Bardaisan speaks of Christians among the Kushans, whose empire included the Punjab. Attendance records at synods of the (Nestorian) Church of the East between 410 and 775 show an organized church in Afghanistan, with a metropolitan at Herat, and seven bishops south and east as far as Kandahar, but give no such proof of bishops in West Pakistan. Cosmas Indicopleustes writes of Christians among “the rest of the Indians” in 525, after speaking of Malabar* and Kalyan. In 1321 Friar Jordan does not speak of Christians further north than Broach in Gujarat, but in