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PAHATH-MOAB (pā'hăth-mō'ăb, Heb. pahath-mô’ăv, governor of Moab). A head of one of the chief houses of Judah. Part of the descendants of this man returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra.2.6; Neh.7.11) and another part returned with Ezra (Ezra.8.4). A son of Pahath-Moab, Hasshub, aided in repairing both the wall and the Tower of the Ovens (Neh.3.11). He is one of the lay princes who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh.9.38; Neh.10.14). His place (second) in this list speaks of his importance. Eight of the sons of this man put away their foreign wives (Ezra.10.30).

PAHATH-MOAB pā hăth mō’ ăb (פַחַ֥ת מוֹאָ֛ב; Φαὰθ Μωάβ, a ruler of Moab). A family name derived from an individual who held some office in Moab.

According to Ezra 2:6, descendants of Pahath-moab, numbering 2,812, returned from exile under Zerubbabel (cf. Neh 7:11). Another group of 200 of Pahath-moab’s descendants returned with Ezra (Ezra 8:4). Some of them married foreign wives (10:30), but at least one helped Nehemiah rebuild the wall (Neh 3:11). This family participated in the “firm covenant” in Nehemiah 9:38 and 10:14.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

A Jewish clan probably named after an ancestor of the above title. Part of the clan returned with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:6; compare Ne 7:11) under two family names, Jeshua and Joab; and a part came back with Ezra (Ezr 8:4). Hashub, a "son of Pahath-moab," is named among the repairers of both the wall and the "tower of the furnaces" at Jerusalem (Ne 3:11). It is the name of one of the signatories "sealing" the "sure covenant" of Ne 9:38 (Ne 10:14). Some of the sons of this name had taken "strange wives" (Ezr 10:30)