1829-1920. Welsh divine. Born in Penybontfawr, Montgomeryshire, of the same family stock as ,* his only education was at elementary school. He served as minister at several Congregational churches, and finally at King's Cross (Welsh) Tabernacle (1881-1906). He was chairman of the Union of Welsh Independents in 1887. Apart from being a successful pastor, he was a prolific author. He specialized in books of a popular nature dealing with biblical themes and written in a clear and interesting style. Some of these had a substantial circulation. Throughout his life he was an assiduous defender of the Reformed faith against the attacks of modernism and liberalism, yet was his stand in no way weakened by the tendency of liberals in theology to poke fun at him as “an old fossil.” He represents one of the connecting links in Wales between the Calvinism that was in decline by the end of the last century and the biblical theology of our own day.