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ORCHARD (פַּרְדֵּס, H7236, a Pers. loan word, a walled-in enclosure). Plantations of fruit trees, esp. of pomegranates, were well-known in ancient Bible lands. Ecclesiastes 2:5 (KJV; ASV, RSV PARK), Song of Solomon (KJV, ASV, RSV ORCHARD; ASVmg. PARADISE).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)


(1) pardec, from Old Persian, "a walled-in enclosure"; paradeisos, a word in classical Greek applied to the garden of Babylon (Diodorus Siculus xi.10) and to a game park (Xenophon, Anab. i.2, 7). See Ne 2:8, "forest," margin "park"; So 4:13, "orchard," margin "paradise" (of pomegranates); Ec 2:5, "parks," the King James Version "orchards"; see Paradise.

(2) kepos, "garden" or "orchard": "a white thorn in an orchard" (Baruch 6:71).

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