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Ophel

OPHEL (ō'fĕl, Heb. ha-‘ōphel, hill). Properly a hill, but when used with the definite article in Hebrew, it is translated “Ophel” and refers to a part of Jerusalem. In 2Kgs.5.24 the word is translated “tower” in the KJV and “hill” in the NIV, but no one knows the exact location. In Mic.4.8 it is translated “stronghold” in the KJV and NIV, but the ASV has “the hill of the daughter of Zion,” and probably refers to the Ophel of Jerusalem. In Isa.32.14, the KJV has “forts,” and the NIV “citadel,” but the ASV, more accurately, reads “hill,” probably referring to Ophel. Ophel lies outside the wall of modern Jerusalem just south of the Mosque “el Aksa” and above the junction of the valleys of the Kidron and of the “son of Hinnom.” Jotham, king of Judah, built much on the wall of Ophel (2Chr.27.3), and his great-grandson Manasseh further improved it (2Chr.33.14), so that from then on it was inside the ancient city. In the restoration period it was principally a place of residence for the