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ODED (ō'dĕd, Heb. ‘ôdhēdh, he was restored, or prophet)

The father of Azariah the prophet (2Chr.15.1).A prophet in Samaria in the days of Ahaz, king of Judah (2Chr.28.9-2Chr.28.15). Pekah, king of the northern tribes, had taken captive 200,000 Jews, after killing 120,000 valiant men of Judah. As the captives and the spoil were being brought into Samaria, Oded rebuked them and persuaded them to feed and clothe the captives and to return them to Judah. Oded strongly emphasized that the wrath of God had brought ruin to the men of Judah and would ruin Israel also.

ODED ō’ dĭd (עוֹדֵ֔ד). 1. The father of Azariah, a prophet in the time of Asa, king of Judah (2 Chron 15:1). In v. 8 the KJV makes Oded himself the prophet; the RSV departs from the MT and makes Azariah the son of Oded. The MT is obviously wrong here.

2. A prophet who successfully protested Pekah’s enslavement of Judahites in the time of Ahaz, king of Judah (2 Chron 28:8-15).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(`owdhedh (2Ch 15), `odhedh (elsewhere), `odhedh, "restorer"):

(1) According to 2Ch 15:1, he was the father of Azariah who prophesied in the reign of Asa of Judah (c 918-877), but 15:8 makes Oded himself the prophet. The two verses should agree, so we should probably read in 15:8, "the prophecy of Azariah, the son of Oded, the prophet," or else "the prophecy of Azariah the prophet."

See Azariah.

(2) A prophet of Samaria (2Ch 28:9) who lived in the reigns of Pekah, king of the Northern Kingdom, and Ahaz, king of Judah. According to 2Ch 28, Oded protested against the enslavement of the captives which Pekah had brought from Judah and Jerusalem on his return from the Syro-Ephraimitic attack on the Southern Kingdom (735 BC). In this protest he was joined by some of the chiefs of Ephraim, and the captives were well treated. After those who were naked (i.e. those who had scanty clothing; compare the meaning of the word "naked" in Mr 14:51) had been supplied with clothing from the spoil, and the bruised anointed with oil, the prisoners were escorted to Jericho.