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OBED (ō'bĕd, Heb. ‘ōvēdh, worshiper). The name of five OT men:

1. If no names are omitted in the messianic genealogy, the son of Boaz and Ruth and grandfather of David the king (Ruth.4.21-Ruth.4.22, copied in 1Chr.2.12; Matt.1.5; Luke.3.32).

2. An early man of Judah, descended through Hezron and Jerahmeel (1Chr.2.37-1Chr.2.38).

3. One of the mighty men of David’s army (1Chr.11.47).

4. A Levitical gatekeeper of the tabernacle in David’s time (1Chr.26.7).

5. The father of one of the captains whom Jehoiada chose to help make Joash king (2Chr.23.1).

OBED ō’ bid (עוֹבֵ֔ד; NT ̓Ιωβήδ, G2725, worshiper of, or slave of). It is a common name in OT. Since those bearing it are apparently unimportant, it may be an abbreviation of Obadiah.

1. Son of Ruth and Boaz (Ruth 4:17, 21, 22; 1 Chron 2:12; Matt 1:5; Luke 3:32).

2. Son of Ephlal, a descendant of Jerahmeel (1 Chron 2:25, 37).

3. One of David’s mighty men (1 Chron 11:47).

4. Son of Shemaiah and grandson of Obed-edom, one of the Korahite doorkeepers of the Temple (1 Chron 26:7).

5. Father of Azariah, one of the captains who helped Jehoiada to depose Athaliah (2 Chron 23:1).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(1) Son of Boaz and Ru and grandfather of David (Ru 4:17,21,22; 1Ch 2:12; Mt 1:5; Lu 3:32).

(2) Son of Ephlal and descendant of Sheshan, the Jerahmeelite, through his daughter who was married to Jarha, an Egyptian servant of her father’s (1Ch 2:37,38).

(3) One of David’s mighty men (1Ch 11:47).

(4) A Korahite doorkeeper, son of Shemaiah, and grandson of Obed-edom (1Ch 26:7).

(5) Father of Azariah, one of the centurions who took part with Jehoiada in deposing Queen Athaliah and crowning Joash (2Ch 23:1; compare 2Ki 11:1-16).