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Norway

Norwegians came under Christian influence through the contacts of Vikings with Christian countries and through missionary efforts from Denmark* and England. The first Christian kings (such as Olav*) promoted the Christianization of the country. An archiepiscopal see was established in Trondheim in 1153. [[The Reformation]] was introduced in 1537 by command of the king of Denmark and Norway. The seventeenth century was characterized by Lutheran orthodoxy. Pietism* came shortly after 1700 and left a lasting influence upon Norwegian church life. Confirmation was introduced by royal command in 1736, and was made compulsory. The Pietistic “Explanation” to Luther's shorter catechism written by Erik Pontoppidan in 1737 was used in Norway for more than 150 years.